Data collection in the field of ethnicity

Following the adoption and transposition of the RED (Racial Equality Directive), racial and ethnic minorities are now protected by anti-discrimination legislation across the Member States. For a correct implementation and monitoring of the policies the need to collect data on (in)equalities based on racial and ethnic origin has arisen.

Such data is essential to measure the level of implementation and monitor the impact of policies, but there are serious shortcomings as to data regarding the situation of racial and ethnic minorities. The common response in the country reports drafted for this project is that information is not collected on grounds such as colour or racial origin.

However: 

  • Sings of gradual improvement in ethnic data collection are emerging, especially in relation to discrimination experiences and anonymous testing in the field of employment and housing
  • Efforts have been taken to create categories of geographic origin to facilitate data collection
  • Improvements have been identified in terms of the involvement of racial and ethnic minority communities in designing categories, reaching out to community members, assessing research results and collecting ethnic data for use in legal disputes.